Everyone is talking about artificial intelligence. In simple words, let's explain what it is

To many people, it seems that artificial intelligence is a distant mantra, but we face it every day.

Saudi Arabia, 2017. The world's first robot gets citizenship. This is Sofia, the most prominent representative of artificial intelligence technologies in the media space. She can maintain a conversation, plays up to 62 plausible facial expressions, makes provocative statements and jokes about Ilona Mask and the destruction of mankind.

It would seem that such technologies are far from "simple mortals," but in fact, we interact with artificial intelligence every day. So what is this, where to find it, and how can the machines manage to learn?

Asked what Artificial intelligence (AI) is, Wikipedia will respond that it is a section of computer linguistics and computer science that formalizes tasks that resemble things that a person performs.

In simple words, artificial intelligence (English Artificial intelligence, AI) is a broad field of computer science that is aimed at simulating human intelligence by machines. And although this technology has been actively spoken sometime since the early 2000s, it is far from new.

The term "artificial intelligence" was introduced in 1956 by the professor at Dartmouth College John McCarthy when he led a small team of scientists to determine whether machines could be taught as children by trial and error, eventually developing formal thinking.

In fact, the project was based on the intent to find out how to force machines to "use language, abstract forms, solve problems that people usually solve and improve." And it was over 60 years ago.

Artificial intelligence technologies capture public imagery for decades, but many people do not realize that they use them every day.

So, the profiled company SpotHub conducted a random survey of 1,400 people from different parts of the world, and it turned out that 63% of them did not realize the daily value of AI.

Perhaps this is because when it comes to artificial intelligence, we expect to see quick work that speaks and thinks, like us. And although Sofia and her similar machines may now seem "greetings" from the future, this is still a technology that is far from self-consciousness.

At the moment, we are surrounded by a host of incredibly complex instruments of artificial intelligence, designed to ease all aspects of modern life. Here are just a few of them:

Voice Search

Search engineers such as Siri, Alexa, and Cortana are equipped with human voice processing and recognition software that makes them an AI tool. Currently, voice search capabilities are available on 3.9 billion Apple devices, Android, and Windows worldwide, without taking into account other manufacturers. Because of its prevalence, voice search is one of the most advanced technologies supporting AI.

Video games

Video games have long been using AI, the complexity and effectiveness of which has increased in geometric progression over the last few decades. As a result, for example, virtual characters are capable of behaving in a totally unpredictable way, analyzing the environment.

Autonomous Autos

Fully autonomous cars are getting closer to reality. This year Google announced an algorithm that can learn how to drive a car exactly as a person does - through experience. The idea is that in the end, the vehicle will be able to "look" on the road and make a decision that corresponds to what has been seen.

Offer of goods

Large retailers, like Target and Amazon, earn millions thanks to the ability of their stores to anticipate your needs. Yes, Amazon.com's recommendations service works based on machine learning technology, but they also help to select optimal routes for automatic moving in processing and ordering centers.

Based on these technologies, a supply chain and a system for forecasting and distributing resources are working. The techniques of understanding and recognizing natural language formed the basis of the Alexa service. On the foundation of in-depth training, a new initiative by the company using drones, Prime Air, as well as technology with the use of machine vision in modern retail outlets, Amazon Go, was built.

by Manish (NITK)