Artificial Intelligence: Applications for Leadership

In the United States, the national AI development strategy only appeared in February this year. President Trump signed a decree on the creation of the American AI Initiative. According to this document, the state should give priority to investments in artificial intelligence, develop the relevant competencies and support American companies.

Artificial Intelligence: Applications for Leadership
Artificial Intelligence: Applications for Leadership

At the same time, there is no information on the amount of funding for such an initiative, and the document itself does not detail any intermediate stages or ways to achieve the goals.

The United States is now the undisputed leader in the development of AI technologies. It is here that a significant number of research groups are focused on offering and implementing neural networking innovations.

However, it should be noted that most novelties come not from public research institutions, but from private companies, such as Google, Facebook or Amazon. In addition, the development of AI in the United States is faced with obstacles that do not exist in non-democratic countries, such as China. Yes, in America, the privacy of data and the ethics of using one or another technology are taken very seriously in America.

For example, in San Francisco, state institutions are prohibited from using facial recognition technology, and not only because this technology is not yet accurate enough, but also for ethical reasons.

Various public movements are forcing top tech companies to refuse to sell their state-of-the-art AI-based products so that its institutions do not use these technologies in law enforcement or defense systems.

Such a responsible attitude towards the implementation of new developments undoubtedly is respectful but does not contribute to consolidating the country's leadership in the sphere of AI.

Among all the countries of the Celestial Empire has probably developed the most comprehensive and comprehensive strategy for the development of AI technologies.

The plan for the development of the next generation of artificial intelligence was presented in July 2017.

It details the necessary initiatives in the area of ​​research, industrialization, support for talented scientists, education, setting standards and regulatory requirements, ethical norms and safety. In general, China's state strategy on AI development includes three main steps:

1) catch up with competitors by 2020;
2) achieve world leadership in some areas of AI by 2025;
3) become the primary center for innovation in the field of AI until 2030.

Plans are ambitious, but the support of the state is also significant, which makes such a development of events quite probable. Thus, the budget for the implementation of this strategy is $ 150 billion.

The PRC actively finances state research institutes, as well as cooperates with private companies and contributes to the creation of technological parks for the development of AI worth $ 2.1 billion.
In addition, the state sets quite clear goals and the technical progress in the industry. For example, one of them - in the near future to diagnose 95% of diseases with the help of AI technologies.

Germany published its national AI strategy in November 2018, but until then actively supported the development of these technologies. According to a published strategy, the German government is planning to spend about € 3 billion over the next six years on the development of AI. The private sector is expected to invest in comparable amounts in these technologies.

The state strategy involves the creation of a national research network of at least 12 research centers, which will include 100 professors with the corresponding specialization, and the German AI Observatory, as well as the preparation of the basic principles for the development and implementation of artificial intelligence systems that will comply with the legal norms in the field of data protection.